Our Organisation 搜索
快速链接
切换:Topics

建立山羊企业

为你的牛奶建立市场

对于任何想进入奶山羊养殖场的人来说,最大的挑战是找到一个安全的,牛奶出口一致。爱尔兰只有一家主要的液态奶加工厂,但有许多大型奶酪生产商。与这些加工者中的一些接触将很快给你一个暗示,如果你的牛奶有一个现有的市场。近年来,通过与当地的加工厂或奶酪制造商合作,已成功建立了一些新的山羊养殖场,这家工厂正在扩大其产品范围或生产水平。因此,联系其他乳制品制造商,即使目前没有生产山羊相关产品,may be beneficial.(Details of some farms and processors are available here -http://亚博体育官网无法取款teagascgoatblog.blogspot.ie/p/the-irish-goat-hub.html).

Visit a number of well-run,有利可图的商业奶山羊农场

Out of courtesy this should always be done by appointment.你应该尽可能多地参观,this is time consuming but invaluable.每一个农场都有不同的设施和管理实践,您应该记下哪些设施对您的农场最相关和最有用。找出每个农民会做什么不同,他们是否有任何建议。请注意,农场主在忙碌的一天给你时间,所以限制你的访问时间,倾听他们的意见。

规划你的设施

Drawings of sheds,parlours and other facilities should be available from your farm advisor as will guidance with regard to planning permission.Ensure that any works you undertake comply with Department specifications on goat buildings and facilities. Other farmers (goat or otherwise) will be able to give you feedback with regard to contractors and facilities providers.Always obtain a number of quotes to ensure you are getting the best deal available.此外,your farm advisor will be able to provide details of any grant aid that might be available.

Financing an investment & business planning

Establishing any new farm enterprise is costly,particularly where you must purchase stock and new facilities.Few people have this money readily available to invest therefore applying to a lending institution for finance is often a necessary part of setting up your enterprise.许多,如果不是大多数,银行现在寻找一份商业计划书作为财务申请的一部分完成,在任何情况下,它都应该是你计划书不可分割的一部分。这是对所涉及的财政支出的一个明显的提醒,并设定了你的农场必须实现的目标。

Herd number,识别和标记

In order to keep goats in Ireland you must be registered with the Department of Agriculture,Food & the Marine.如果您目前没有牛群编号,您必须联系当地的地区兽医办公室,以获取登记表-ER1(或在此处下载),完成后,官员将检查您的饲养情况,以确保适合养山羊。一旦你获得了你的牛群编号,你就可以为你的山羊订购标签。(可在此处下载标识和标签要求http://www.agriculture.gov.ie/animalhealthwelfare/animalidentificationmovement/nationalgoatidentificationsystem/).

完成一个25小时的山羊生产课程

亚博体育官网无法取款Teagasc run an Introduction to Goat Farming course,以要求为准。This course covers all aspects of goat production and includes visits to a number of existing goat farm.该课程不是获得牛群数量或山羊数量的先决条件,但对于以前没有与山羊一起养殖过的任何人来说,是非常有用的入门课程。有关建议和培训的信息可从亚博体育官网无法取款Teagasc Goat网页.

在山羊农场工作

If you intend to begin goat farming then any experience you can get working with the 亚博体育官网无法取款animals is of huge benefit.他们是劳动密集型的,但很干净,友好的,好奇可爱的动物。亚博体育官网无法取款Goats are gregarious and thrive best in the company of other goats.因此,他们喜欢陪伴,反应迅速。据说你开绵羊,但必须牵山羊。

找个导师

One of the greatest challenges to setting up a goat enterprise is finding a ready supply of good information.尤其是在爱尔兰,该行业规模小且分布广泛。如果可能的话,试着和一个有经验的山羊农场主建立一种关系。这个人可能会回答很多你毫无疑问会有的问题,也可能有其他对你来说非常宝贵的联系方式。

采购山羊

A goat enterprise can fail due to poor health,因此,在为你的畜群采购动物时,基础股票的质量和表现非常谨慎。亚博体育官网无法取款总是尽量购买最好质量的动物,但重要的是,动物只来自健康的牛群。亚博体育官网无法取款每一个山羊群都有严格的等级制度;因此,来自不同畜群的成熟山羊不能很好地混合。当不熟悉的山羊混合在一起时,产生的压力会大大降低它们的生产力。购买更年轻的动物可以让这种等级亚博体育官网无法取款制度建立起来,并降低整体压力水平。However,总是尽量减少你购买的牛群数量,因为这样会降低健康风险和压力。

稻草

In Ireland most goats are deep-bedded using straw and substantial quantities are required as 亚博体育官网无法取款animals are typically housed year-round.Therefore try to obtain a reliable source for a regular supply of high quality,reasonably priced straw.

Setting-Up-a-Goat-Enterprise-Dec2014