Managing the Farmyard
Managing the Farmyard
The Nitrate Regulations deal with three main areas of farmyard management:
- Collecting effluents,organic fertilisers etc
- Storing effluents and organic fertilisers properly
- Prevent clean water from becoming soiled
- Keep the amount of soiled water that is produced on your holding to a minimum
- If soiled water is stored together with slurry,or if it becomes mixed with slurry,then as far as the Nitrates Regulations are concerned it is slurry and is subject to the same rules as slurry
Collecting effluents and organic fertilisers
Organic fertiliser is slurry,farmyard manure,污水污泥industrial sludges etc.所有有机肥料，effluents and soiled waters must be collected and stored to prevent runoff or seepage,直接或间接地，into groundwaters or surface water until applied to the land.
Maximising Storage Capacity
在农场上建造有机肥料储存设施是不可能的选择。There are a number of other which should be explored before deciding to invest.
Managing organic fertilisers on the farm is essentially about effective recycling.Minimising the volumes to be stored,reduces the capacity of storage required and also the volumes to be spread.One of the best ways to ensure maximum storage capacity on the farm is to eliminate clean water entering storage tanks.
清洁水和脏水的分离需要仔细规划，and regular maintenance of guttering and down pipes.应将所有清洁水从有机肥料储存设施引至密封的雨水系统。This means the valuable storage capacity for potentially polluting materials can be maximised.
Example:If rain from a 4-bay single sided slatted shed roof in Galway enters a slurry tank,它将占用15头乳牛的同等泥浆容量。
Storage facilities are required for:
- livestock manure
- dairy washings
- effluents from farmyard manure pits
- effluents from silage pits
所有有机肥料储存设施必须符合农业和食品部的施工规范。它们的设计和建造必须能够直接或间接地防止径流和渗漏，into groundwater or surface water.
The Nitrates Regulations divide the country into three zones.Table 1 details the storage capacity that farmers need for organic fertiliser.
Table 1: Zones and storage requirements
|Zone A||Carlow,Cork,Dublin,Kildare,Kilkenny,LaoisOffalyTipperary,Waterford,Wexford,Wicklow||16 weeks|
|Zone B||Clare,Galway,Kerry,Limerick,Longford,Louth,Mayo,MeathRoscommon,Sligo,韦斯特米思||18 weeks|
|Zone C (I)||Donegal,Leitrim||20 weeks|
|Zone C (II)||Monaghan,Cavan||22 weeks|
The dates below are inclusive.
- Can spread chemical fertiliser in Zone A on the 13th January up to and including the 14th September
- Can spread slurry (organic manure)in zone C on the 1st February up to and including the 14th October
Rules for reduced slurry storage requirement
A farmer may not have to provide the full storage where he/she satisfies any of the following:
- 有将肥料转移给授权人的合同，负责收集，recovery and disposal of the manure;and
- Where the grassland stocking rate on a farm does not exceed 140kg N org/ha per year (equivalent to 1.65 Dairy cows/Ha) farmers can reduce their storage capacity requirement by taking into account outwintering of stock.Storage is required for all dairy cows on a holding regardless of the dairy cows being housed or outwintered.
- There are grants available for slurry storage under TAMS II provided that the farm had adequate slurry storage already for existing stock numbers