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Forest management certification

Forest management certification aims to prove that products come from well managed forests;providing 亚博体育平台是黑彩environmental,社会经济效益。

什么是认证?

消费者要求以对环境负责的方式生产商品。亚博体育平台是黑彩市场通过提出各种“生态”要求来应对这种需求。

Certification is one way to prove that products come from well managed forests;providing 亚博体育平台是黑彩environmental,社会经济效益。It re-assures (potential) consumers of the origin of wood used in timber products.

拿个简陋的木勺,例如。潜在买家怎么知道这把勺子不是用非法砍伐的热带硬木做的?独立审计的认证计划旨在提供这样的保证:木勺来自哪里,实施了什么样的森林管理,etc.一个经过认证的木勺有一条完整的纸路,通向它从那里来的森林。An independent organisation carries out an audit,结果,will issue a certificate confirming that a forest is being managed in accordance with a certain standard.

FSC与PEFC

在爱尔兰运作的两个最著名的计划是PEFC(森林认证认可计划)和FSC(森林管理委员会)。Each Standard has been developed nationally by a number of ‘stakeholders' affiliated to an economic,亚博体育平台是黑彩environmental or social group or chamber.Both schemes comply with an internationally agreed framework of standards.

当人们提到木材认证时,涉及两个不同的过程。Forest Management (FM) certification aims to ensure that the management of a forest complies with certain rules and regulations from tree establishment to timber harvest.第二个过程的目的是跟踪木材一旦离开森林,直到它最终与客户。这被称为监管链(CoC)认证。

Markets –especially international markets- now demand certification.认证是一种自愿的承诺,没有人被迫加入。However,the message from Irish sawmills to private growers is very simple: get your timber certified.爱尔兰锯木厂出口未经认证的木材越来越困难。尽管FSC和PEFC允许20%到30%的未认证木材,this option is gradually disappearing because more and more private (and larger) timber is coming onto the market.

集团认证

对于爱尔兰的私人森林所有者来说,集团认证可能是唯一可行的选择,因为认证成本由许多森林所有者共同承担。

Group certification can be organised for a (large) number of forests owned by different people.森林所有者可以正式加入集团,agreeing to implement the required levels of management in their forests.集团经理定义管理要求并监控成员的绩效。集团经理可以为实施提供支持,并监控合规性。外部审计师检查集团经理并随机检查集团成员。

There are several Forest Owner Groups active in Ireland (see also林所有者组)由TEGASC设置和/或支持亚博体育官网无法取款林业顾问.

接下来呢?

认证是否会带来更好的木材价格还有待观察。成本是非常可变的,取决于许多因素,如已经制定(或没有)的监管框架,涉及的森林规模和数量,当前的管理实践,需要外部援助,保留经认可的认证机构,etc.

在欧洲的其他地区,认证变得越来越普遍,其成本往往大大降低,如果有更强有力的监管框架,where the State may bear some of the costs and where Forest Owner Associations tend to be much larger and longer established.

由于在(国际)市场上出售未经认证的木材变得越来越困难,因此森林所有者必须仔细考虑上述问题。Certification is less about additional paperwork or getting higher timber prices but more about being able to sell your timber widely.

也见

东北林业集团-森林认证,到目前为止的旅程

东北林业集团的John Sherlock在Ballyhaise学院举行的会议上的演讲,Cavan于2017年8月。这是由Teagasc与爱尔兰木材工业和林业局(DAFM)合作组织的木材营销活动。亚博体育官网无法取款