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Information on GM Potato Research


Independent GM Research Required for Informed Debate

穆林斯博士

3 September 2012

On July 27th the EPA gave consent to 亚博体育官网无法取款Teagasc to start its field-based research study of a GM potato variety,在另一项欧洲研究中显示出对马铃薯晚疫病的持久抗性。The goal of the study is to research the impact of the GM potato on the blight disease itself and on soil organisms,对保持土壤健康至关重要。

我们正在研究的转基因马铃薯品种是瓦赫宁根大学的科学家创造的,The Netherlands,and has been made available to 亚博体育官网无法取款Teagasc via a standard material transfer agreement.这样我们就可以,and will fully disseminate our research findings,in whole,to the Irish public upon completion of our study.

由于Teagasc不从事转基因作物的商业化或推广业务,因此在拟议研究结束时没有“商业合同”。亚博体育官网无法取款目前的研究是通过欧盟第七框架研究计划获得公共资助的,是由15个国家的22所公共机构/大学组成的大型研究联盟(www.amigaproject.eu)的一部分。

认为该地区的花粉会污染附近的马铃薯作物的说法是错误的,并非基于事实。Irrespective of whether it is GM or not,the clonal biology of the potato plant means that pollen from the flowers of one potato crop have no impact on the content of tubers harvested from a neighbouring potato crop.In fact you could pour buckets of GM pollen on an organic/conventional potato field and it will have zero impact on what you harvest from that field.

The completion of this study will not impact on our food exports.自从1990年在爱尔兰进行最后一次户外转基因实地研究以来,超过900亿欧元的爱尔兰食品和饮料已经出口到世界各地的消费市场。800多个类似的实地研究,to the one currently underway,自2002年以来,欧盟已经完成了对转基因作物的研究,没有一个成员国指出转基因研究的出现与公众对其食品出口的消极性之间存在问题。

作为负责爱尔兰农业和食品部门发展的国家当局,亚博体育官网无法取款Teagasc invests mi亚博体育平台是黑彩llions in environmental research,发展可持续农业实践,保护土壤生物多样性,最大限度地减少对河道的影响。As such it is illogical to suggest that 亚博体育官网无法取款Teagasc would initiate a study that in any way would compromise our ability to develop the Irish agri-food sector and promote Ireland as a producer of first class food.

Presently,Irish farmers spray fungicides on their potato crop an average of 15 times per season to control the fungus that causes potato blight disease.During the wet summers of 2008 and 2009 conventional farmers struggled to control the disease.The summer of 2012 has seen little change.传统的反应是将合成物用于有机作物的传统杀菌剂和铜基杀菌剂,this continued practise is undesirable from a number of perspectives.

The situation is clearly not sustainable but it takes up to 15 years to breed a single variety.你可能会问是否没有抗药性的品种?目前,没有一种在市场上可以买到的产品可以勾选所有的盒子。Sarpo Mira is a variety grown by gardeners and some organic producers that has strong blight resistance but unfortunately lacks traits processors and consumers require.Of interest Sarpo Mira was developed over many decades by breeding in genes from wild potato species.Similarly the GM potato line that 亚博体育官网无法取款Teagasc has started to study also has a gene taken from a wild potato species.

必须强调的是,我们的研究结果在生态影响方面可能是积极的或消极的,但我们有责任提供不带偏见的知识。亚博体育官网无法取款Teagasc致力于向公众传播所有研究结果,在研究期间,公众可进入试验现场进行开放日和信息会议。We hope that all stakeholders,无论是赞成还是反对转基因作物,都将积极参与这些活动,使公众能够体验到广泛的,诚实和尊重的讨论,并根据事实信息得出结论。