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Frequently Asked Questions

50 Frequently Asked Questions for New Entrants to Dairying

Supplying Milk

  1. When are milk quotas being abolished?
  2. What Co-op can a farmer supply milk to?
  3. What are milk solids?
  4. What is the payment system for milk?
  5. Are there a charge / cost per litre for new entrants supplying milk to a Co-op?

ANSWERS

Profitability

  1. What is the average profitability of cattle,sheep and dairy per ha?
  2. What is the profitability of the top performing dairy herds?
  3. What is a cash flow plan?
  4. How many cows should I milk?
  5. What are the factors that make these dairy farms most profitable?

ANSWERS

Milking Facilities

  1. What size milking parlour should I build?
  2. How much could a milking parlour cost?
  3. How much will bulk tanks cost?
  4. Where should the milking parlour be sited?
  5. What size bulk tank do I need?
  6. What are the basics and extras in a milking machine?

ANSWERS

Purchasing Stock

  1. What type of cow should I buy?
  2. What is EBI?
  3. Is EBI working on dairy farms?
  4. Should I buy calves,bulling heifers or calved cows?
  5. What are the pros and cons of crossbred cows?

ANSWERS

Grazing Infrastructure

  1. What size paddocks?
  2. What is an appropriate roadway for cows?
  3. What size water troughs are required?
  4. What size water pipes?

ANSWERS

Winter Facilities

  1. How much slurry storage is needed for a cow?
  2. How much silage does a cow need over winter?
  3. What are dimensions of a cubicle?

ANSWERS

Breeding

  1. What are the main breeding targets?
  2. How many inseminations does it take to get a heifer milking in three year's time?
  3. What is the target breeding weight for heifers?
  4. What heat detection aids work with dairy cows?

ANSWERS

Nutrition

  1. For 100 cows – how much land do I need?
  2. How much does a milking cow eat?
  3. How much meal does a cow need?
  4. What is the ideal grass for cows in summer?

ANSWERS

Workload

  1. How many cows/replacements can one person manage?
  2. What is contract heifer rearing?
  3. Can dairy farmers have a "GOOD LIFESTYLE"?
  4. How can lifestyle be improved?
  5. What is once a day (OAD) milking?

ANSWERS

Information

  1. Who is the local dairy advisor?
  2. Where will I get an EBI report?
  3. Where will I get information on dairy herd diseases?
  4. What will it cost me to get up and running?
  5. How can I finance the start-up costs?
  6. What should I do first/prioritise?
  7. Who should I talk to?
  8. Dry stock farmer - has no experience of dairying!
  9. Where can a farmer get more information?

ANSWERS