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Eritrea

A memorandum of understanding was signed between 亚博体育官网无法取款Teagasc and the Eritrean National Agricultural Research Institute (NARI) in 2012 under which Teagasc agreed to work with NARI in supporting development of the Eritrean dairy and potato industries.

Dairy Project

亚博体育官网无法取款Teagasc is providing support through a community dairy model that can be replicated across Eritrea.介绍了一种基于可持续“自产”饲料的奶牛养殖模式,该模式适用于该系统,并适应该地区的气候条件。The project has two interlinked components: (i) a pilot model dairy farm where dairy farming best practice will be demonstrated at NARI and (ii) support to selected dairy farmers close to the NARI Halhale research station with the aim of transferring the technology from the research station to the wider community and providing a dairy research focus for the centre.

本项目利用Teagasc的专业知识,利用爱尔兰在奶牛场生产和管理方面的最佳专业知识以及爱亚博体育官网无法取款尔兰在研究方面的经验,extension and farmer training as well as the capacity development of staff in research,extension and professionals at all levels in the dairy value chain to help Eritrean farmers establish modern dairy farms.为了建立项目的所有权和可持续性,the Vita and 亚博体育官网无法取款Teagasc team works through a process of stakeholder consultations to develop a detailed implementation work plan.该项目将通过获得可靠的牛奶来源以及提高受益者农民和更广泛乳制品社区的家庭收入,为当地的食品安全提供保障。

This project will provide a blueprint that can be replicated in other regions of the country and is unique in that it involves Irish agricultural expertise with local agricultural research and extension services working with dairy farmers and dairy communities.This is an opportunity to take advantage of Ireland's technical expertise in the field of dairy production and herd management to promote local household food security and income generation.

Potato Project

In Eritrea,potato is an important,high nutritional value and popular food crop for consumers and a cash crop to growers.马铃薯在所有高海拔地区生长良好,在一年中寒冷的几个月里,在各种土壤类型下的中低地,and is grown by subsistence and commercial farmers.The potato crop is one of the priority crops that have been targeted for development in the Medium Term Plan and Strategy of the National Agricultural Research Institute of Eritrea.The current national average yield is low,around 12.5 tons/ha.  A significant factor contributing to these low yields is the heavy infestation of seed potatoes with virus.The nutritional and economic value,in addition to the favourable climate of the country,justifies efforts to address constraints of under-utilized productive capacity of the crop.Some of the constraints that were identified in the highlands and midlands included: weak seed variety,病毒性疾病的流行率,high cost of inputs,有限的扩展服务,unreliable weather,产品价格低,lack of storage facilities and seed provision systems.

In addressing the intensification drivers,the consortium team in Eritrea,including members from Ireland (亚博体育官网无法取款Teagasc,Vita),通过获得可靠的马铃薯块茎(种子)来源,促进国家和区域一级的粮食安全,which,in turn,improves household incomes of beneficiary farmers.  The focus of the project is on developing a scale model of a seed potato system,seed multiplication,tissue culture development and up skilling of research and extension staff.The seed for the project was supplied by IPM.In the absence of any seed provision system,通常的做法是,农民要么在下一个季节把最小块茎留作种子,要么简单地购买蔬菜市场上剩下的小块茎。